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By Francis O. Adeola

The sociology of dangerous waste, probability, and disasters is a comparatively new discipline. This book focuses on detrimental and poisonous wastes releases, business poisonous failures, infection of groups and the surroundings, and the next antagonistic healthiness results between uncovered populations

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Extra info for Hazardous Wastes, Industrial Disasters, and Environmental Health Risks: Local and Global Environmental Struggles

Example text

Exposure to lead poses a variety of health hazards. Even in small doses, neurotoxicity, intelligence quotient (IQ) deficits, learning 38 H a z a r d ous Wa s t e s , D i s a s t e r s , H e a lt h R i s k s disorder, and attention span disorder and hyperactivity, especially among children, are possible health effects of lead exposure (Rice and Silbergeld, 1996; ATSDR, 1997; Drotman, 1985). At high concentrations (> 15 μg/dL), lead may cause significant damage to the brain and kidneys in adults and children as well.

From modern agricultural production to industrial activities, from private households to public arena, and from commercial to military operations, hazardous wastes are ubiquitous in modern society. Toxic wastes and their deleterious effects on human health and the environment are now of growing concern. As noted by Lichtveld and Johnson (1993), concerns about toxic and hazardous wastes continue to increase globally. , 1996; Lave and Upton, 1987; Thornton, 2000; Brown, 2001). Yet, policies and programs aimed at curbing toxic waste production, release, and dispersion remain grossly inadequate.

With the growing “Not in My Backyard” (NIMBY) opposition to new facility siting, the transfer of scrap metals and other types of toxic waste to less developed countries (LDCs) has increased significantly from the 1980s to the present (see Greenpeace, 1994; Adeola, 2000b). However, Third World NIMBY is growing strong as an increasing number of underdeveloped countries are resisting or putting a complete ban on hazardous waste importation. The Basel Convention has imposed some restrictions on the export of toxic waste from high-income countries to LDCs.

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