By Helen Caldicott
At the moment anniversary of the Fukushima catastrophe, a world panel of top clinical and organic scientists, nuclear engineers, and coverage specialists assembled on the prestigious manhattan Academy of drugs. A venture of the Helen Caldicott beginning and co-sponsored via Physicians for Social accountability, this amassing used to be a reaction to frequent issues that the media and coverage makers were a ways too wanting to movement prior what are sincerely deep and lasting affects for the japanese humans and for the area. This was once the 1st accomplished try to deal with the wellbeing and fitness and environmental harm performed via one of many worst nuclear injuries of our times.
The purely rfile of its type, problem endlessly represents an unheard of investigate the profound aftereffects of Fukushima. In available phrases, best specialists from Japan, the USA, Russia, and different international locations weigh in at the present kingdom of information of radiation-related healthiness dangers in Japan, affects at the world's oceans, the query of low-dosage radiation hazards, an important comparisons with Chernobyl, future health and environmental affects at the usa (including on nutrition and newborns), and the unavoidable implications for the U.S. nuclear power industry.
Crisis perpetually is either crucial studying and an incredible corrective to the general public checklist on Fukushima.
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Additional resources for Crisis Without End: The Medical and Ecological Consequences of the Fukushima Nuclear Catastrophe
The diesel generators stopped running as they were submerged in water. The company had put all of its eggs in one soggy basket. Forecasting that the power grid might be lost and the diesel generators might fail, workers had installed banks of batteries with sufficient capacity to power one safety system for up to eight hours. Some of these were also disabled by the floodwaters, and in any case, the plant was without power ANOTHER UNSURPRISING SURPRISE 29 for nine days. Forecasting that multiple safety systems might be required, workers had developed backups to the backups, including using diesel-powered pumps on fire trucks and barges to provide cooling water to the reactor cores.
However, when the wind blew from the south or the north, the radiation moved farther into the Tohoku Region or into the Kanto Region, and if Japanese law had been strictly observed, areas with soil contaminated by over 40,000 becquerels per square meter should have been designated as contaminated. However, altogether, this would have covered an area as large as twenty thousand square kilometers and a vast proportion of the Tohoku and Kanto Regions would have had to be evacuated. Faced with such a reality, the Japanese government decided they could do nothing for the people who lived there, and it abandoned them.
We measure the intensity of radioactivity by the rate of disintegration and the energy this produces. One becquerel equals one atomic disintegration (transformation) per second. 8 Sometimes these man-made radionuclides are compared to naturally occurring radionuclides, such as potassium-40, which is found in bananas and other fruits. 9 Note that potassium-40 has a specific activity of 71 ten-millionths of a curie per gram. 10 In other words, cesium-137 is 12 million times more radioactive than potassium-40.