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This e-book constitutes the refereed lawsuits of the 4th foreign Workshop on managed average Language, CNL 2014, held in Galway, eire, in August 2014. The 17 complete papers and one invited paper awarded have been rigorously reviewed and chosen from 26 submissions. the subjects comprise simplified language, undeniable language, formalized language, processable language, fragments of language, phraseologies, conceptual authoring, language new release, and guided average language interfaces.
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Additional info for Controlled Natural Language: 4th International Workshop, CNL 2014, Galway, Ireland, August 20-22, 2014. Proceedings
As it is typed, text is parsed character-by-character and automatically coloured brown for class names, purple for individuals, blue for properties, and green for literals. Figure 1 shows a screenshot of the editor set up for the study with the source text inserted as a comment at the top of the editing pane (which was larger than shown here), a context-sensitive list of allowed sentence or continuation patterns (RHS), and a context-sensitive message area for dynamic feedback. Fig. 1. ’, containing an English grammatical error has been, nonetheless, accepted by the OSE finite-state parser.
In short, we could say that our aim is to propose a normalisation based on the identification of normaison, or, in other words, to improve the writing of specifications without imposing a standard that is too far removed from the engineers’ natural practice. The paper comprises two main parts. In the first one (see section 2), we present the tool-assisted method used for making the diagnosis. In the second one (see section 3), we describe and discuss our preliminary results. 2 Methodology Several guides for writing requirements exist, and most of them were designed to avoid undesirable properties of natural language (“unrestricted natural language brings with it a host of well-known problems” ), such as ambiguity, polysemy, vagueness, and so on [1, 17].
This would lead to longer and probably more confusing requirements: since the two sentences differ by only a single character, the reader may not notice the difference and think it is a duplicated sentence. e. ”] In example 3, it would have been better to clearly distinguish the two actions permitted by the TC – for example, with a bullet list. Some combinators provide logical information that may help the reader to better understand the requirements: (4) “pour n=2 la loi de la taille est respectée de fait mais le test 'FIFO vide' reste nécessaire” [“for n=2 the size rule is always respected, but the ‘empty FIFO’ test is still required”] 5 In French, the complementizer ‘que’ must always be used.