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By G. A. R. Wood, R. A. Lass

The fourth variation of this very hot ebook has been significantly enlarged to hide all elements of cocoa creation. greater costs for cocoa have resulted in a lot new wisdom in regards to the plant and alterations to its tools of creation. those are mentioned, in addition to new difficulties that experience happened and the clean examine initiatives which were wanted.

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Red-pigmented leaves also become green during hardening. After the flush has expanded, the terminal bud remains dormant for a period determined by various environmental factors and then produces another flush of growth. Development of a new flush leads to a demand on nutrients which is partly met by translocation from the older leaves. This leads to leaf fall, hence the description of flushing as ‘change of leaf‘. The extent to which the old leaves are lost when flushing occurs is a good indication of the state of nutrition of the tree.

1 cotyledons, thereby exposing the plumule, and ends with the hardening-off of the first four leaves which have short internodes so that the leaves are at the same level. Subsequent growth occurs at intervals of approximately six weeks with leaves spaced out in a spiral arrangement. There is a bud in each leaf axil. Vertical growth continues until the plants reach a height of 1-2 m at which point the plant enters its third growth phase when vertical growth ceases and, on the terminal end of the stem, five buds with very short internodes grow out sideways simultaneously.

A . R . W o o d , R . A . L a s s Copyright 0Longman Group Ltd. 1975, 1985 Chapter 3 Environment G. A . R. Wood The major components of the environment of a cocoa farm are the climate and the soil and there is a close relationship between the two aspects. They are’, therefore, discussed together in this chapter. Climate Before dealing with the individual factors of climate - rainfall, temperature, sunshine and so on - the climates of the major cocoa growing countries will be described. 1. South America At the primary centre of diversity of Theobroma cacao, in the headwaters of the river Amazon.

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