By Tomoko Matsui
Whereas it has lengthy been taken without any consideration that context or history details performs an important function in reference task, there were only a few critical makes an attempt to enquire precisely how they're used. This examine presents a solution to the query via an intensive research of instances of bridging. The ebook demonstrates that after encountering a referring expression, the hearer is ready to decide upon a collection of contextual assumptions meant by way of the speaker in a principled method, out of the entire assumptions in all probability on hand to him. It claims extra in particular that using context, to boot as. Read more...
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Additional resources for Bridging and Relevance
According to Sperber & Wilson, the communicative principle of relevance is not something that has to be known or followed by communicators, and communicators could not violate it even if they wanted to. It is simply an exceptionless generalisation about what happens when someone enters into communication. This idea will be developed in the next section. 2 Communication and relevance In order to understand the communicative principle of relevance, it is important to clarify the notion of ‘communication’ involved.
Finally, relevance theory offers an adequate method for evaluating candidate interpretations, namely, the criterion of consistency with the principle of relevance. As Sperber & Wilson show, because of the way ‘optimal relevance’ is defined, there should never be more than at most a single line of interpretation which satisfies this criterion. I will discuss how the criterion works in actual communication in the next section. 4. , I sketched how a hearer completes the semantic representation of an uttered sentence into a fully propositional form.
Sperber & Wilson argue that an adequate theory of communication should be a theory of utterance interpretation, rather than a theory of sentence meaning, as advocated by followers of the pure code model. Relevance theory distinguishes three aspects of utterance meaning: (1) what is said; (2) what is implied; (3) what attitude is communicated. In each case, it is the speaker’s intentions that the hearer aims to identify. In this section, I will illustrate the first two of these. The first aspect of utterance meaning, ‘what is said’, is called ‘propositional form’ in relevance theory.