Download Bones, Stones and Molecules: "Out of Africa" and Human by David W. Cameron, Colin P. Groves PDF

By David W. Cameron, Colin P. Groves

Bones, Stones and Molecules presents the superior proof for resolving the talk among the 2 hypotheses of human origins. the talk among the 'Out of Africa' version and the 'Multiregional' speculation is tested during the practical and developmental techniques linked to the evolution of the human cranium and face and specializes in the importance of the Australian list. The booklet analyzes very important new discoveries that experience happened lately and examines facts that isn't on hand in other places. Cameron and Groves argue that the prevailing proof helps a contemporary starting place for contemporary people from Africa. in addition they particularly relate those theories to interpretations of the origins of the 1st Australians. The e-book offers an updated interpretation of the fossil, archaeological and the molecular facts, particularly because it pertains to Asia, and Australia particularly.

* without problems available to the layperson and professional
* presents concise insurance of present medical evidence
* offers a strong computer-generated version of human speciation over the past 7 million years
* good illustrated with figures and pictures of significant fossil specimens
* provides a synthesis of significant ape and human evolution

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Additional resources for Bones, Stones and Molecules: "Out of Africa" and Human Origins

Sample text

Tree, then the onus is on them to provide anatomical definitions of their species, and this is conspicuously absent. So far, they have been working in a fossil-free zone. Species descriptions are crucial because any paleoanthropologist who finds a new fossil needs to be able to allocate his or her Chapter 1 21 Introduction A B = H. africanus C = H. 7 ᭤ According to the revised Multiregional hypothesis, specimens A and B would belong to “H. africanus” while specimen C would be allocated to H. habilis.

Taken from Cameron (in press a). 43 44 Chapter 2 Evolution of the Miocene Great Apes Moyà-Solà and Köhler (1993, 1995, 1996), Agusti et al. (1996), and Köhler et al. (2001) consider the European later Miocene hominids Dryopithecus and Graecopithecus as being closely related to the Asian apes, while Begun (1992a, 1994a, 2001, 2002), Begun and Kordos (1997), and Begun et al. (1997) consider these same taxa as basal “African” apes. Whether Dryopithecus and Graecopithecus are “African” or “Asian” hominids has important consequences for interpretations of hominid paleobiogeography.

The European hominids Dryopithecus and Graecopithecus, however, have both at times been argued to represent immediate hominid ancestors (Andrews, 1992; Begun, 1992a; D. Dean & Delson, 1992; Cameron, 1997a; see also de Bonis & Koufos, 1994, 2001; MoyàSolà & Köhler, 1993, 1995, 1996). If we accept that Dryopithecus and Graecopithecus represent “Asian” hominids, then the African origins for the extant African hominids at least is still not refuted; that is, we have no Eurasian ancestors for the African hominids.

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