Download Beyond the Blue Horizon: How the Earliest Mariners Unlocked by Brian Fagan PDF

By Brian Fagan

In Beyond the Blue Horizon, archaeologist and historian Brian Fagan tackles his richest subject but: the long-lasting quest to grasp the oceans, the planet's so much mysterious terrain. we all know the stories of Columbus and Captain cook dinner, but a lot past mariners made both daring and world-changing voyages. From the instant whilst old Polynesians first dared to sail past the horizon, Fagan vividly explains how our mastery of the oceans replaced the process human background.

What drove people to chance their lives on open water? How did early sailors liberate the secrets and techniques of winds, tides, and the celebrities they urged by means of? What have been the earliest ocean crossings like? With compelling aspect, Fagan unearths how seafaring developed in order that the forbidding geographical regions of the ocean gods have been remodeled from boundaries right into a nexus of trade and cultural trade. From bamboo rafts within the Java Sea to triremes within the Aegean, from Norse longboats to sealskin kayaks in Alaska, Fagan crafts a charming narrative of humanity's urge to problem the unknown and search out far-off shorelines. Beyond the Blue Horizon will enthrall readers who loved Dava Sobel's Longitude, Simon Winchester's Atlantic, and Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel.

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Extra info for Beyond the Blue Horizon: How the Earliest Mariners Unlocked the Secrets of the Oceans

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Her torpedo tubes were mounted below deck and fired from concealed apertures in the hull. Her two aircraft were carried in the aft hold, and as well as the more typical armament she carried her own motor torpedo boat. HSK 9 MICHEL When the Bielsko of the Gdynia-America line was seized by the Germans it was originally intended that she be converted into a hospital ship, but the decision was later taken to refit her as an auxiliary cruiser. Four of her main guns were mounted either side of the bow and stern behind folding hull plates, the remaining two being concealed in holds on the ship’s centreline.

Between her German crew and her unfortunate prisoners, Pinguin was carrying nearly 640 men; of these only 61 crew and 24 prisoners survived. Pinguin had sailed more than 59,000 miles and was responsible for the sinking or capture of 32 ships totalling over 154,000 tons. 3m Displacement 4,778 tons 31 One of the larger raiders, HSK 6 Stier shows the effects on her paintwork of a long cruise; nothing could be less like the neatly maintained appearance of a warship. Stier was the least successful of the auxiliary cruisers which got out into the open ocean, sinking only four Allied ships in the course of nearly six months at sea before her fatal encounter with the heroic captain and crew of the American freighter Stephen Hopkins on 27 Sepember 1942.

Four of her six 15cm guns were mounted each side of her bow and stern behind hinged panels, and the other two were concealed in holds in her deck forward and aft of the main superstructure. Her torpedo tubes were mounted below deck and fired from concealed apertures in the hull. Her two aircraft were carried in the aft hold, and as well as the more typical armament she carried her own motor torpedo boat. HSK 9 MICHEL When the Bielsko of the Gdynia-America line was seized by the Germans it was originally intended that she be converted into a hospital ship, but the decision was later taken to refit her as an auxiliary cruiser.

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