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By Andrew Hayes

"This is a consultant to the archaeology of the British Isles, from the Ice Age to the medieval interval. starting with an advent to the equipment and methods of recent archaeology, the writer strikes directly to disguise the archaeology of the British Isles, facing such questions as: whilst the British Isles have been first inhabited; how the good Neolithic monuments have been deliberate and equipped; and the effect of the Roman Conquest. The advisor is done by means of an in depth gazetteer of 468 websites that may be visited."

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The two longer walls were built of planks set in trenches, the other walls were made up of posts. Until recently it was assumed that all houses of the early farmers were as humble. Then, in 1977, the remains of a large timber hall measuring 26 by 13m (85 by 43ft) were excavated at Balbridie (Deeside). 3500 bc. Rather than housing a Dark Age lord and his retinue, the Balbridie hall may have sheltered an extended family of the first farmers. 25 A Neolithic ideal home, complete with fitted furniture, at Skara Brae (Orkney; 396).

On either side of the door were stone boxes that, once filled with bracken and heather, had served as beds. That on the right-hand side was larger than on the left-hand side. Similar sleeping arrangements, the larger bed being used by the master of the house, the smaller by his spouse, were to be found on the crofts of the Hebrides into modern times. Above the beds stone shelves were provided to store personal possessions. Opposite the door a stone ‘dresser’ was usually found, one example still had a pot standing on its shelves.

It is likely that their more advanced material culture more than made up for their physical shortcomings. The tools that Upper Palaeolithic humans made were based on blades (15), long flakes with straight sides that were struck from a carefully prepared core. The basic blade could then be chipped into a wide variety of shapes to form finished tools suitable to one of many different tasks (16). These cultures also made far more use of bone and antler. They were worked into such utilitarian objects as awls, needles and spearheads.

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