By Osamu Tagaya
The Aichi variety ninety nine provider Bomber (D3A) - code named 'Val' through Allied intelligence - was once the mainstay of the Imperial eastern Navy's service dive-bomber strength from 1941 to 1943. It sank extra Allied warship tonnage than the other Axis airplane in the course of global conflict II (1939-1945). whereas the Val's participation within the significant service battles has been extensively lined in different English language assets, information of its operations have obtained scant awareness in English. This publication explores the Val's wrestle operations. color illustrations and images supplement the advance of dive-bombing tools within the IJN.
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Extra info for Aichi 99 Kanbaku 'Val' Units: 1937-42
Taylor, meanwhile, had latched onto another Hiryu dive-bomber, believed to be crewed by Toyama and Murao, and shot it down just inland from Ewa Beach. George Welch now got onto the tail of Zenji Abe’s No 2 aircraft from Akagi, commanded by FPO 2/c Michiji Utsuki (observer) and piloted by FPO 2/c Hajime Goto. 7 mm gun caused Welch to pull up abruptly with smoke pouring from his aeroplane, prompting the Japanese to claim him as a kill. But Ken Taylor, coming up behind Welch, fatally struck Utsuki with his fire and shot the dive-bomber down just offshore from Barbers Point.
Only the three aeroplanes of the third shotai from Lt Shoichi Ogawa’s second chutai went after other targets, dropping their bombs on Maryland and West Virginia along ‘Battleship Row’. At least two of Kaga’s dive-bombers fell to anti-aircraft fire over the harbour. Ogawa’s No 3, commanded by FPO 3/c Naga-aki Asahi (observer) and piloted by FPO 3/c Noboru Sakaguchi, crashed in Middle Loch off the port beam of destroyer-minelayer USS Montgomery (DM-17). The crew of two boats sent out to investigate became the first Americans to witness Japan’s harsh warrior code in action.
Although this concentration of attacks on ships in the Navy Yard failed to score any direct hits, they registered at least one near miss that caused serious flooding in the hull of the light cruiser USS Honolulu (CL-48), moored next to St Louis. Smoke from Ford Island as well as a layer of scattered cloud at a height of 1000 m hampered the attack of the second shotai’s No 3 aeroplane (‘BII-207’) of FPO 3/c Tatsuo Itazu (with F 1/c Sumio Kondo as pilot), as he recalled: ‘As the smoke cleared momentarily over the channel, our intended target revealed itself to be Akagi’s dive-bombers participated in the second wave attack on ‘Battleship Row’, the vessel’s Type 99s being led by Lt Takehiko Chihaya (with FPO 1/c Kiyoto Furuta as his pilot).