By Jeremy M. Black
Black starts by way of environment the history to British army background, particularly the anti-(large) military ideology, the maritime culture, and the becoming geo-political contention with France. After the defeat of the French in North the US, Britain could develop into the worlds top maritime strength. The nineteenth Century might see stress among Britain and the recent usa, France, Germany, and an expanding emphasis on imperial conquests. geared up in 3 components: Britain as Imperial guardian; Britain as Imperial Rival; and Britain as Imperial accomplice. a prime concentration of this account could be the twentieth century, reading Britain and global warfare I (including Britain as a global strength and problems with imperial overstretch) and global warfare II (and the following wars of Imperial Retention in Malaya, Kenya, and Cyprus). As in all of his writing, Black seeks to problem traditional assumptions, and provide illuminating new views. Black info the involvement of england in international affairs as much as the current. contemporary problems with carrying on with value contain Britain as a nuclear energy, the top of the East of Suez coverage, NATO club; out-of-area clash (from the Falklands to Iraq), and the adjustment to new worldwide roles. This wide-ranging and broadly-based account is designed for college kids and for the final reader.
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Extra resources for A Military History of Britain: From 1775 to the Present
1 The last was to be the view of most commanders during subsequent British history: their preference was for volunteers, particularly who were seen as offering the possibility for a long-service, motivated regular force. There was also no adequate permanent force of naval personnel. Naval efficiency was measured in the ability to create fighting teams for existing ships once mobilization was ordered. The permanent navy consisted of ships and officers, with relatively few sailors. The formation of a reserve of seamen was proposed without result: the Register Act of 1696, which provided for a voluntary register of seamen, proved unworkable and was repealed in 1710.
Carolina was named after Charles II, while, in India, Charles’s Portuguese wife brought Bombay (Mumbai) as a dowry in 1661. She also brought Tangier, which was fortified further under Charles, but the cost of the defense and pressure from Moorish attacks led to its evacuation in 1684. Charles was succeeded by his Catholic brother, James II (and VII of Scotland), in 1685, but he was rapidly challenged in a rebellion by Charles’s charismatic (and Protestant) bastard, James, Duke of Monmouth. Invading from the United Provinces (Netherlands), Monmouth recruited support in western England, but was defeated when he attempted a night attack on the recently advanced royal army on Sedgemoor.
Aside from the wartime expansion of the regular army, there was also a reliance on forces raised within the imperial system: colonial militias in the New World, the large sepoy (Indian) army raised by the East India Company, and also the black auxiliaries used against escaped and rebellious slaves in Jamaica in the 1730s and 1760. The hiring of forces in Europe and further afield was also an option, as was reliance on the armies of allies. Relatively small regular forces made it easier to keep the British army well trained and equipped, and thus to respond to changes in the methods of fighting.