By Claude Berube, John Rodgaard
Charles Stewart’s lifetime of crusing and wrestle at the excessive seas opponents that of Patrick O’Brien’s fictional hero, Jack Aubrey. Stewart held extra sea instructions (11) than the other U.S. military captain and served longer (63 years) than any officer in American naval background. He commanded all types of warship, from sloop to ship-of-the-line, and served each president from John Adams to Abraham Lincoln.Born in Philadelphia through the American Revolution, Stewart met President Washington and went to sea as a cabin boy on a merchantman earlier than age 13. In March 1798, at age nineteen, he acquired a naval fee one month earlier than the dept of the military used to be demonstrated. Stewart went directly to an illustrious naval occupation: Thomas Jefferson famous his Mediterranean exploits through the Barbary Wars, Stewart recommended James Madison on the outset of the struggle of 1812, and Stewart expert many destiny senior naval officers—including David Porter, David Dixon Porter, and David G. Farragut—in 3 wars. He served as a pallbearer at President Lincoln’s funeral. Stewart cemented his attractiveness as commander of the Navy’s strongest frigate, the USS structure. No different captain commanded this send for an extended wartime interval or via extra naval engagements. Undefeated in conflict, together with defeating the British warships Cyane and Levant concurrently, either send and captain got here to be often called “Old Ironsides.”
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Additional resources for A Call to the Sea: Captain Charles Stewart of the USS Constitution
5 With congressional authority and presidential directive in hand, Navy Secretary Benjamin Stoddert charted his campaign against aggressive French naval activity in the Caribbean. The Navy secretary realized the best way to arrest the situation was not only to convoy American merchant ships but also to go on the offensive. Thus began America’s Quasi-War with France, and so too began Stewart’s first war cruise on board Barry’s United States. While operating in the Caribbean, an incident occurred that demonstrated the personality differences between Stewart and his two old friends, Decatur and Somers.
11333$ $CH2 05-20-05 13:09:51 PS PAGE 26 From Commissioning to Captaincy tween Gibraltar and Leghorn. Murray and his first lieutenant did not meet their commodore until they took their frigate off blockading duties to effect repairs. Constellation was waiting at Leghorn when the American convoy and the naval squadron finally pulled in on 12 October. Assessing Constellation’s condition, Commodore Morris decided to send her home. Murray, Stewart, and the crew took Constellation back across the Mediterranean and the Atlantic.
Preble had thought that with Philadelphia’s help he would have had a peace treaty with the bashaw before the spring of 1804 turned to summer. Now that would not be the case. ’’9 Preble also sketched out his plan to execute a surprise attack on Philadelphia to retake the frigate, then burn her under the guns of the city’s fortifications. Despite the loss of Philadelphia, Preble maintained very active operations. He kept his brigs and schooners busy during the winter of 1803, cruising 33 .................